Tutorial for running latest Debian version on HostJane cloud servers.
We recommend several steps before you install any software layer onto the new environment. This is an important security step if you are intending on using your server for production projects.
Debian is a powerful open-source linux distribution that is easy to install and secure.
Debian is the base for Ubuntu.
1. Get server IP and root password
After successful payment is approved, your server will be set up within 2 minutes.
Login to the Hosting Portal.
In the Dashboard under Services, look for the Debian server you have provisioned.
We offer 24×7×365 supportIf you cannot see the server you ordered or the server is not active, please open a support ticket.
Click Manage next to the Debian server item.
You will be transferred to the server’s dashboard.
Go to the Statistics area.
Below is a sample screenshot of the Server Information.
The Main IP is your virtual machine's IP address.
The Default Password is the root password.
For security, HostJane does not send this to you by email.
You must login to your hosting account to review these credentials.
2. Login with SSH
ssh -l root [Your_Server's_IP]
Replace Your_Server’s_IP with the server IP address given in Statistics.
3. Create a new user
The solution is to create a new user.
Enter the following:
Replace janedoe with the unique name of your new user.
You will be automatically asked to set a new password for janedoe, and to reenter the password to confirm.
Press Enter to proceed with default information, otherwise enter values for your:
- Full name
- Room number
- Work phone
- Home phone
4. Install sudo on Debian
Add janedoe to the sudo group to assign super-user privileges to the user.
We first need to install sudo, using the command apt-get
When the apt package has finished updating, install sudo with:
apt-get install sudo
You should still be logged in as the root user.
Now we can use
sudo commands to give the new user, janedoe, root privileges:
usermod -a -G sudo janedoe
You can now run janedoe with the same level of access as the root user.
5. Set up public SSH keys
We recommend you set up an SSH key pair to secure your server.
SSH key setup is easy and free, but if you're not comfortable doing this we recommend hiring a system administrator on HostJane Marketplace.
After you’ve set up your SSH keys, open another terminal on your local machine.
Add your SSH key to janedoe‘s home directory via the new terminal.
With the SSH key now installed, log back into your cloud server using your new janedoe user.
ssh -1 janedoe Your_Server's_IP
Login should be successful.
Close all other open terminals.
6. Switch to new user to enter home directory
Substitute janedoe for the user you created in step 3.
su - janedoe
Create a new directory .ssh and restrict permissions:
Ensure there are no spaces between / and .ssh
chmod 700 ~/.ssh
Use nano, the command-line text editor, to edit the authorized_keys file in .ssh directory by typing:
chmod 600 ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
Type exit to switch back to the root user.
7. Verify the configuration
Check that janedoe can successfully log into the server using SSH.
If successful, you will login to your server using your private key and will not be prompted for a password.
8. Disable root login
Edit the SSH daemon file to prevent unauthorized users logging into your server using password authentication.
Login by SSH to your server with your new super-user, for example, janedoe
Use nano, the command-line text editor, to open the SSH daemon file:
sudo nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config
Find PermitRootLogin, it will look like this:
Set it to no using your cursor
Press ctrl + O then Enter to write the changes to SSH daemon
Now close the file with ctrl + x
9. Reload SSH
To save the changes, restart the SSH service:
sudo systemctl restart sshd
You are now ready to start using your new cloud server!